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Kurdish Nationalist Movement in the 1990s

Its Impact on Turkey and the Middle East.

Availability: In stock
Published: 2015
Page #: xii + 208
Size: 6 x 9
ISBN: 1-56859-256-6, ISBN 13: 978-1568592565
index

 
$35.00

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Quick Overview

The Kurds are the fourth largely ethnic group in the Middle East, numbering between 32-35 million. The vast majority of them live in contiguous regions of Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria, yet they do not have a country of their own. Formal attempts to establish such a state, or states, were crushed by the larger and more powerful countries in the region both after World War I and World War II. But the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988), the collapse of the Soviet Union ( 1991), the end of the cold war and the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 1991 and 2003 have resulted in reinvigorating Kurdish nationalist movements across the Middle East.

These movements are now exploding power kegs. With the majority of Kurds living within its borders, no country faces this threat more squarely than Turkey. Turkey’s concept of a unified, cohesive state—in which the existence of ethnic minorities are only grudgingly acknowledged—creates tensions that makes it difficult to negotiate a peace process that is mutually agreed upon, such as occurred among the Kurds and Arabs in Iraq.

The nine essays in this collection are divided into three sections. The first examines the development of the nationalist movements in the 1980s, traces their growth into the present and discusses their development in the 1980s and first half of the 1990s. The second explores the movements influence on Turkey’s foreign policy toward Syria, Iraq, Iran, Russia and Europe, particularly in response to the 1991 Persian Gulf war, U.S. attitudes toward the Iraqi Kurds and the death of Turkish President Turgut Özal in 1993. The third analyzes Turkey’s domestic and human rights policies and discusses their adverse effects on any peace process with the Kurds that may be negotiated.

author

Robert Olson

Robert Olson is Professor of Middle East history and politics at the University of Kentucky (Emeritus). He is the author of ten books of various aspects of Middle East history and politics. His major books are: The Siege of Mosul and Ottoman- Persian Relations: 1718-1743; The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism and the Sheikh Said Rebellion: 1880-1925; Turkey's Relations with Iran, 1979-2004;The Kurdish Question and Turkish-Iranian Relations:From World I to 2000; Blood, Beliefs and Ballots: The Management of Kurdish Nationalism in Turkey, 2007-2000; The Kurdish Nationalist Movements in Turkey: 1980-2011; The Goat and the Butcher: Nationalism and State Formation in Kurdistan-Iraq since the Iraqi War War. He is the author of 75 referred research articles and 60 edited research articles. He was distinguished Professor of the University of Kentucky in 2000. He is married and lives in Lexington, Kentucky.

Acknowledgments
Note on Spelling and Names
English Translations of Political Parties and Organizations in Turkey
Maps
Foreword by A. K. Jabbari
Introduction to the First Paperback Edition by
Robert Olson

*****
Introduction

Part I
The Development of the Kurdish Nationalist Movement in Turkey since the 1980s

1. The Development of the Kurdish Nationalism Movement in Turkey since the 1980s
Giilistan Giirbey

2. Turkey's Kurdish Problem In The 1990s: Recent Trends
Aram Nigogosian

3. Kurdish Infighting: The PKK-KDP Conflict
Michael Gunter

Part II
The Kurdish Nationalist Movement and Its Impact on Turkey's Foreign Policy

4. Under the Gun: Turkish Foreign Policy and the Kurdish Qyestion
Henri Barkey

5. The Kurdish Qyestion and Turkey's Foreign Policy Toward Syria, Iran, Russia and Iraq since the Gulf War
Robert Olson

6. More Apparent than Real? The Impact of the Kurdish Issue on Euro-Turkish Relations
Philip Robins

Part III
The Kurdish Nationalist Movement and Its Impact on Turkey's Domestic Politics and Human Rights Policies

7. Political Crisis and the Kurdish Issue in Turkey
Hamit Bozarslan


8. The New Democracy Movement in Turkey: A Response to Liberal Capitalism and Kurdish Ethnonationalism
Robert Olson and Yücel Bozdaghoglu

9. Nationalism and the Rule of Law in Turkey: The Elimination of Kurdish Representation During the 1990s
Mark Muller

List of Contributors
Index

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