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Structure of Kurdish Society and the Struggle for a Kurdish State

Series: Bibliotheca Iranica: Kurdish Studies Series 8
Availability: In stock
Published: 2007
Page #: xv + 396
Size: 6 x 9
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-56859-193-3, 1-56859-193-4
appendix, bibliography, index, notes

 
$45.00

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Quick Overview

Despite over 150 years of armed struggle, why have the Kurds been unsuccessful in forming their own nation-state? This book argues that Kurdish society has traditionally been divided along tribal lines. Tribal loyalty has transcended loyalty to the Kurdish nation. After World War II, Kurdish political parties were formed, however, Kurdish intellectuals did not have the power to mobilize Kurdish masses. Kurdish political movements were forced to incorporate Kurdish tribal leaders, and with them tribal structure and values were integrated into politics. The Kurdish political parties that replaced Kurdish tribes in leading Kurdish revolts after World War II engaged in fratricidal fighting against each other – as their tribal ancestors had done – thereby weakening themselves in the process. The leaders of Kurdish political parties have followed the path of their tribal ancestors, thus preventing the development of Kurdish nationalism.
Examining the major Kurdish revolts, this book analyses the internal factors that led to their defeat, as well as arguing that reliance by Kurdish leaderships on foreign powers has had disastrous consequences at crucial points in Kurdish history.
This book looks at political developments in Iranian, Iraqi and Turkey’s Kurdistan, showing how many opportunities for Kurdish statehood were squandered due to Kurdish political weakness. It analyses the relations between the major Kurdish political parties in different parts of Kurdistan and compares their treatment of each other with that of Kurdish tribes. It discusses the impact of the United States invasion of Iraq upon Kurdish mass nationalism and inability of the KDP and PUK to form a transparent system that promotes democratic principles above tribal values.
This comprehensive analysis differs markedly from conventional literature on the Kurds. It traces the development of Kurdish politics through a systematic work on the issue of tribalism in Kurdish history. The book is original and of high scholarly value. The author has conducted a series of highly significant interviews with key political figures, which are extremely important in understanding the evolution of the Kurdish problem during the last few decades. This in-depth analysis testifies to the author’s capacity in conducting complex political and sociological investigations.

author

Hussein Tahiri

Dr. Hussein Tahiri settled in Australia as a refugee in 1989, and completed his Ph.D. in Political Science at The University of Melbourne, Australia, in 2001. Dr. Tahiri has worked as a Lecturer teaching Middle East politics. He is a commentator on Kurdish and Middle Eastern affairs in Australian and International media. He is currently an Honourary Research Associate with the School of Political and Social Inquiry, Monash University, Australia.

Acknowledgments xi
Preface by Robert Olson, xiii
Note on Spelling, Names and Sources xv
Introduction 1
CHAPTER 1
Kurdish Ethnicity, Nationalism and Tribalism 10
CHAPTER 2
Attempts to form Kurdish States:Mid-Nineteenth to Mid-Twentieth Centuries 34
CHAPTER 3
The Kurdish Republic of 1946: Its Rise and Demise 79
CHAPTER 4
Mullah Mustafa Barzani's Revolt and its Collapse, 1943-1975 102
CHAPTER 5
Iranian Kurdistan, 1947-2000 134
CHAPTER 6
Iraqi Kurdistan 1975-2000: The Endless
Turmoil 159
CHAPTER 7
The Kurds in Turkey: World War II-1998 189
CHAPTER 8
The PKK Abandons the Idea of a Kurdish State 233
CHAPTER 9
Tribal Legacy: Kurdish Interrelations 263
CHAPTER 10
Kurdish Nationalism Accelerated 310

Appendices:
Appendix One, 351
Questions to Interviewees
Appendix Two, 353
The Peace Agreement of 11 March 1970
Appendix Three, 358
Law for Autonomy in the Area of Kurdistan

Bibliography 367
Index 389

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