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Textile Imports into Qajar Iran

Russia versus Great Britain. The battle for Market Domination.

Availability: Out of stock
Published: 2009
Page #: xii + 210
Size: 6 x9
ISBN: 1-56859-246-9, ISBN 13: 978-1568592466
appendix, bibliography, index, notes

Quick Overview

This study discusses the nature, importance, and development of textile imports into Qajar Iran; the main exporting countries; the changes that occurred in the size and composition of those imports over time; and the kinds of textiles that were imported during the Qajar period as well as their uses. It further discusses the intense rivalry between Great Britain (including India) and Russia to dominate the Persian textile market. As a result of this competition, the Persian consumer was able to choose from cheaper and more varied assortments of fabrics. Most of the items worn by the Persian population, except for coarse tissues, were of foreign origin. This was true of fabrics woven in Iran as well, because these used mostly imported yarns, or, in the case of silken fabrics, were woven with mixed yarns (domestic silk plus imported cotton yarns). Even carpets, the epitome of the Persian textile industry, were manufactured with imported cotton yarns in addition to local woolen ones. The chapter contains a glossary of textile terms. The study concludes with the reproduction of the influential report written by James Brant in 1834. The British government adopted his proposal, and Brant's vision soon became a reality as Manchester goods swept the Iranian market after 1840.

author

Willem Floor

Willem Floor studied development economics, non-western sociology as well as Persian, Arabic and Islamology from 1963-67 at the University of Utrecht. He received his doctoral degree from the University of Leyden in 1971. From 1983-2001 he worked for World Bank as an energy specialist. Currently, he works, writes, conducts research and gives lectures as an independent scholar. His most recent books include: “Agriculture in Qajar Iran,” (Washington DC: Mage, 2003), “Traditional Crafts in Qajar Iran,” (Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2003); “Public Health in Qajar Iran,” (Washington DC: Mage, 2004), “The History of Theater in Iran,” (Washington DC: Mage, 2005); “Wall Paintings and other Figurative Mural Art in Qajar Iran,” (Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2005); “The Persian Gulf 1500-1730,” (Washington DC: Mage, 2006), “The Dastur al-Moluk: Translation and Commentary,” (Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2007); “The Import of Textiles in Qajar Iran, (Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2007—forthcoming) and “The Travels of Gmelin in Northern Persian 1770-1774,” [translation] (Washington, DC: Mage—forthcoming, 2007).

Preface

List of Tables:

Table 1: Prices of British cotton manufactured goods in Yazd and Kerman in 1849 (in qrans)
Table 2: Import and transit duties on British goods when imported by Persians
Table 3: Estimate of the imports of European cottons, woolens and silks (ca. 1848)
Table 4: Import of cotton tissues 1854-56
Table 5: Value of annual imports of various classes of textiles in Tabriz (1858-1904)
Table 6: Importation of cotton tissues at Bushire, Bandar `Abbas and Lingah during 1872-1903 (Rupees)
Table 7: Comparison of changes in market shares of textiles imports at Tabriz (1902-05)
Table 8: Imports of domestic and foreign textiles in Resht (in 1876-1870)
Table 9: Comparison of the value of textile imports in Mashhad by geographical origin
Table 10: Comparative Table showing the value of Cotton Tissues Imported into Persia during the Years 1906-07 to 1913-14
Table 11: Main Exports of Iran during 1850-1913 (in%)
Table 12: Prices and origin of import of woolen fabrics in Tabriz (1857)
Table 13: Five-yearly average import of woolens according to Trabzon Consular Reports
Table 14: Comparative Table showing the value of Cotton Yarns and Thread Imported into Persia during the Years 1906-07 to 1913-14
Table 15: Cotton goods imported at Bushire 1907-08 to 1915-16 by category (number of pieces)
Table 16: Average prices of the major tissues traded at Bushire (in qrans)
Table 17: Main Imports of Iran (in percentage of total)

List of Figures:

Figure 1: Various Routes and Distances, in Day's Marching, by which Merchandise arrives in Persia
Figure 2: Clothes worn by Tribesmen in Fars Province

Chapter 1. Textile Imports Into Qajar Iran

1. Main Import Staples, Size and Composition of Textile Imports
2. Russia versus Great-Britain
3. The Importers
4. What fabrics were imported?
5. End-Uses
6. Discussion
7. Glossary
8. Lists of imported fabrics in 1848 and 1857
9. Memorandum by Consul Keith Abbott on the Russian Competition

Chapter 2. Consul Brant's Proposal to Conquer the Market of Qajar Iran

Bibliography
Index

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