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Traditional Crafts in Qajar Iran

Availability: Out of stock
Published: 2003
Page #: viii + 504
Size: 6 x 9
ISBN: 1-56859-147-0
bibliography, index

Quick Overview

Description This book discusses the problems faced by a technologically disadvantaged country such as Iran (Persia) of the 19th century, when it had to compete in the world market dominated primarily by European manufacturers. In this volume the dynamics of the above development is highlighted from various vantage points. In the first chapter the author discusses the efforts by the government of Iran to support its declining industrial base and to stem the flow of imports, by introducing new technology and modern factories. The nature of the various efforts—the players, the lessons learned, the amounts invested—are discussed. This chapter, then, provides the background and context for the subsequent eight chapters that deal with specific industrial sectors.
The sectors discussed include the manufacturing of ceramics, glass, lighting materials, paper, metal ware, soap, sugar and sweetmeats, and tanned skins. The conditions of each selected industry is analyzed in detail and their development throughout the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century are discussed. This development includes how these sub-sectors tried to cope with foreign imports, and the reason for their general failure in the face of cheaper and superior European products. In all cases a detailed description of the traditional technology (such as brick and glass kilns, damascening, metal smelting, sugar milling, and tanning) is provided. The result is an astounding addition to our existing knowledge on traditional crafts and how Iran of the 19th century tried to deal with globalization before this term became popular.

author

Willem Floor

Willem Floor studied development economics, non-western sociology as well as Persian, Arabic and Islamology from 1963-67 at the University of Utrecht. He received his doctoral degree from the University of Leyden in 1971. From 1983-2001 he worked for World Bank as an energy specialist. Currently, he works, writes, conducts research and gives lectures as an independent scholar. His most recent books include: “Agriculture in Qajar Iran,” (Washington DC: Mage, 2003), “Traditional Crafts in Qajar Iran,” (Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2003); “Public Health in Qajar Iran,” (Washington DC: Mage, 2004), “The History of Theater in Iran,” (Washington DC: Mage, 2005); “Wall Paintings and other Figurative Mural Art in Qajar Iran,” (Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2005); “The Persian Gulf 1500-1730,” (Washington DC: Mage, 2006), “The Dastur al-Moluk: Translation and Commentary,” (Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2007); “The Import of Textiles in Qajar Iran, (Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2007—forthcoming) and “The Travels of Gmelin in Northern Persian 1770-1774,” [translation] (Washington, DC: Mage—forthcoming, 2007).

Preface
Ch. 1 How Traditional Crafts In Qajar Iran Coped With Foreign Competition 1
Ch. 2 The Ceramics Craft 39
Ch. 3 The Glass Making Craft 88
Ch. 4 Public and Residential Lighting in Safavid and Qajar Iran 112
Ch. 5 Mining and Metal Working Crafts 186
Ch. 6 Paper Production and Use in Safavid and Qajar Iran 270
Ch. 7 The Manufacturing of Soap 311
Ch. 8 Sugar Production/Import and Sweetmeat Crafts 328
Ch. 9 Tanning, Hides and Leather Crafts 376

Photographs 409
Appendix to Chapter Three 421
Appendix to Chapter Five 441
Appendix to Chapter Nine 462
Bibliography 465
Index 493

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