Armenian Cilicia

Richard G. Hovannisian, Simon Payaslian

Series: UCLA Armenian History & Culture Series 7
Availability: In stock
Published: 2008
Page #: viii + 650
Size: 6 x 9
ISBN: 1-56859-154-3, ISBN 13: 978-1-56859-154-4
index, notes


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Quick Overview

From early antiquity, the Armenian people developed a rich and distinctive culture on the great highland plateau extending from eastern Asia Minor to the Caucasus. On that crossroad, they interacted on many levels with civilizations of the Orient and Occident. The emergence of an Armenian principality and then of an Armenian kingdom in Cilicia represented an extraordinary development, as the region lay beyond the bounds of the historic Armenian homelands. Situated at the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea, Cilicia was conquered by the Persian Achaemenians, Alexander the Great, and the Seleucids of Syria in the pre-Christian era. It came under Armenian rule for the first time during the reign of Tigran the Great in the first century B.C. Centuries later, the waves of westward migrations after the collapse of the Bagratuni kingdom in Greater Armenia culminated in the establishment of the kingdom of Cilician Armenia in the twelfth century.

Armenian Cilicia experienced a brilliant cultural era known as the Silver Age, with major advances in science and medicine, theology and philosophy, astronomy and musicology, art and architecture. Despite its successes, however, the Armenian kingdom, caught in the geopolitical contests among the major powers of the time, finally fell to the invading Mamluk armies in 1375. Nevertheless, Armenian life in Cilicia, as across the historic homeland, continued under Ottoman rule for four centuries, until the calamitous events from the late nineteenth century to the genocidal years from 1915 to 1922 ended the Armenian presence there.

The UCLA conference series, “Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces,” is organized by the Holder of the Armenian Educational Foundation Chair in Modern Armenian History with the purpose of exploring and illuminating the historical, political, cultural, religious, social, and economic legacy of a people rooted for millennia on the Armenian highland.

Armenian Cilicia is the seventh of the conference proceedings to be published. Scholars from various disciplines offer the story of the Armenian presence in Cilicia across the centuries until the early decades of the twentieth century. Other publications in this series include Van/Vaspurakan; Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush; Tsopk/Kharpert; Sebastia/Sivas and Lesser Armenia; Karin/Erzerum; Tigranakert/Diarbekir and Edessa/Urfa.

Forthcoming volumes will feature the Armenian communities of Constantinople; the Black Sea-Pontus area; Kars and Ani; Smyrna/Izmir; Caesarea/Kesaria; Jerusalem; New Julfa and other parts of Iran; and the Indian Ocean.


Richard G. Hovannisian

Richard G. Hovannisian (1932-2023) was past holder of the Armenian Educational Foundation Chair in Modern Armenian History at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and a Presidential Fellow at Chapman University. A native of California, he received his B.A. and M.A. in history from the University of California, Berkeley, and Ph.D. in history from UCLA. A member of the UCLA faculty since the 1960s, he organized both the undergraduate and graduate programs in Armenian history and served as the Associate Director of UCLA's Center for Near Eastern Studies from 1978 to 1995. Professor Hovannisian is a Guggenheim Fellow and has received many honors for his scholarship, civic activities, and advancement of Armenian studies. He is a founder and six-time president of the Society for Armenian Studies and has published thirty books and numerous scholarly articles, including 5 volumes on the Armenian Genocide and 15 volumes by Mazda Publishers on historic Armenian cities and provinces.

Simon Payaslian

Simon Payaslian is Charles K. and Elizabeth M. Kenosian Professor of Modern Armenian History and Literature at Boston University. He has a Ph.D. in Political Science (Wayne State University, 1992) and a Ph.D. in Armenian History (UCLA, 2003). He is the author of four books:"United States Policy toward the Armenian Question and the Armenian Genocide" (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005); "The Armenian Genocide, 1915-1923: A Handbook for Students and Teachers" (ACF, 2001); "International Political Economy: Conflict and Cooperation in the Global System" (coauthored with Frederic S. Pearson) (McGraw-Hill, 1999; Chinese translation, Peking University Press, 2006); and "U.S. Foreign Economic and Military Aid: The Reagan and Bush Administrations" (Univ. Press of America, 1996). He has written articles and book chapters on U.S. foreign policy, international human rights, the United Nations and the developing nations, the Kurdish question, and the Armenian Genocide. His articles include: After Recognition, Armenian Forum 2 (Winter 2001); "The Inter-American Human Rights System: Charismatic Values and Regional Integration," Journal of the Third World Spectrum 4 (Spring 1997); and "The United Nations and the Developing Countries in the 1990s," University of Detroit Mercy Law Review 73 (Spring 1996). His forthcoming book, History of Armenia, surveys Armenian history from the origins to the present.

List of Maps and Illustrations

1. Armenian Cilicia
Richard G. Hovannisian and Simon Payaslian

2. Armenia Maritima: The Historical
Geography of Cilicia
Robert H. Hewsen

3. Armenian Political Revival in Cilicia
Azat Bozoyan

4. The Founding and Coalescence of
the Rubenian Principality, 1073-1129
Gérard Dédéyan

5. The Brilliant Diplomacy of Cilician Armenia
Claude Mutafian

6. Papacy, Catholicosate, and the Kingdom of Cilician Armenia
Peter Halfter

7. To Byzantium with Love: The Overtures
of Saint Nerses the Gracious
Abraham Terian

8. The Role of Military Architecture in Medieval
Cilicia: The Triumph of a Non-Urban Strategy
Robert W. Edwards

9. Catholicos Grigor VII Anavarzetsi and
Stepanos Orbelian, Metropolitan of Siunik,
in Dialogue
S. Peter Cowe

10. Manuscripts and Libraries: Scriptorial
Activity in Cilicia
Bernard Coulie

11. The Medical Heritage of Cilician Armenia
Stella Vardanyan

12. Cilicia and Its Catholicosate from the Fall
of the Armenian Kingdom to 1915
Dickran Kouymjian

13. Planning and Architectural Reminiscences
from Historical Aintab
David Kertmenjian

14.The Cilician Massacres, April 1909
Raymond H. Kévorkian

15.Cilicia: The View from the Constantinople
Women’s Organizations
Victoria Rowe

16. The Tears and Laughter of Cilician Armenia:
Literary Representations of Destruction and
Revival, 1909-1918
Rubina Peroomian

17.The Repatriation of Armenian Refugees
from the Arab Middle East, 1918-1920
Vahram Shemmassian

18. Cilicia under French Administration:
Armenian Aspirations, Turkish Resistance,
and French Strategems
Garabet K. Moumdjian

19. The Postwar Contest for Cilicia and
the “Marash Affair”
Richard G. Hovannisian

20. The Cilician Armenians and French Policy,
Vahé Tachjian

21. The Institutionalization of the Catholicosate
of the Great House of Cilicia in Antelias
Simon Payaslian

22. Imagining Adana: David Kherdian
and Peter Najarian
David Stephen Calonne


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